COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • Describe how to recognize an emergency and size up the scene.

  • Explain how to activate and work with the emergency medical services (EMS) system.

  • Understand legal concepts as they apply to lay responders, including consent and the purpose of Good Samaritan laws.

  • Identify how to reduce the risk of disease transmission when giving care.

  • Demonstrate how to check a person who is responsive for life-threatening and non-life-threatening conditions.

  • Explain how to check an injured or ill person who appears to be unresponsive.

  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and describe appropriate first aid care for a person who is showing these signs and symptoms.

  • Describe the links in the Cardiac Chain of Survival.

  • Demonstrate CPR and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) for a person who is in cardiac arrest.

  • Demonstrate first aid care for a person who is choking.

  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of shock and describe appropriate first aid care for a person who is showing these signs and symptoms.

  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of, and describe appropriate first aid care for, the following sudden illnesses: breathing emergencies, diabetic emergencies, seizures, fainting and stroke.

  • Describe methods used to control external bleeding, including the application of direct pressure and the application of a commercial tourniquet.

  • Demonstrate the application of direct pressure to control external bleeding.

  • Explain when a commercial tourniquet should be used, and describe the basic principles of using a tourniquet.

  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of, and describe appropriate first aid care for, the following injuries: burns; muscle, bone and joint injuries; and head, neck and spinal injuries, including concussion.

  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of, and describe appropriate first aid care for, the following environmental injuries and illnesses: heat-related illnesses, cold-related illnesses and poisoning.

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